It is made through the same extraction process as other CBD oils. The difference is that once the cannabinoids are extracted, the CBD is filtered out. It then goes through a chilling process called winterisation, which removes all other chemical compounds.
There are three main types of CBD oil that you’ll hear about:
In a full spectrum extract, the oil goes through the cannabinoid extraction process and filtration, however, none of the cannabinoids or other compounds are removed. While full spectrum CBD does have THC, it does not contain enough THC to get you high. It will however likely show up on a roadside mouth swab test.
What is CBD isolate?
The term CBD oil is misleading and often misused. In this article, you’ll learn common CBD oil-related terminology, the three main types of CBD products and the difference between an oil and a tincture.
Broad spectrum CBD oil is not as easy to find as the other types of CBD oil. Like its counterparts, broad spectrum CBD oil goes through the normal extraction process. For places where THC is illegal, the benefit of broad spectrum CBD oil is that in the final stages of processing, the THC is removed from the extract. Therefore, broad spectrum CBD oil will not show up on a drug test if the test is looking for THC.
Raw CBD oil is created without using solvents or heat during the extraction process. Typically Raw CBD oil is made via a CO2 extraction process. Because most of the original plant stays intact during and after the process, the resulting product contains the full spectrum of the plant’s cannabinoids including CBD and CBDa. In addition to all of the cannabinoids, the resulting product contains the terpenes and pigments.
Broad spectrum CBD oil is a middle ground between CBD isolate and full spectrum CBD oils. It has all of the cannabinoids and other chemical compounds except for THC. It has all the beneficial chemical compounds except for THC, so you’re likely to gain some of the beneficial effects of the entourage effect.
Benefits: “As more people become educated about the space, full spectrum/whole plant is thought to be the most premium product,” said Tony Sparks, co-founder of West Des Moines, Iowa-based CBD distributor Betterment Retail Solutions. That’s due to the fact that full-spectrum hemp includes all the cannabinoids, terpenes and other beneficial parts of the cannabis plant, which many describe as an “entourage effect.”
Legality: Initially there were concerns that because the FDA has approved a CBD isolate drug called Epidiolex, either the agency of the maker of that drug (GW Pharmaceuticals) would treat CBD isolate different than products using whole plant extract. That has not come to fruition. In statements made thus far by the FDA, the focus has been on CBD as a whole—not isolate compared to full spectrum. “Not one of the state regulations have drawn a distinction between the different formats,” added Martin.
Broad Spectrum: Whole Plant, No THC
Floyd Landis, the founder of Leadville, Colo.-based Floyds of Leadville, said the biggest difference between the three product types from a consumer perspective is whether or not they have any amount of t etrahydrocannabinol, a psychoactive ingredient of cannabis known as THC .
WGB turned to Lanier, Landis and other experts to break down what retailers need to know about these different types of CBD options.
Legality: Because broad-spectrum products contain no THC, they too are legal under the Farm Bill but subject to FDA oversight.