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cbd hemp oil definition

While more research is needed, current studies suggest that there are many possible benefits of hemp/CBD oil with very few negative side effects. Many consumers turn to hemp oil for its potential anti-anxiety, anti-inflammatory, pain management, and general wellness properties. As long as the hemp oil contains a high level of this cannabinoid, it may be good for treating pain, anxiety, mood disorders, sleep disorders, inflammation, and more.

“In addition, to ensure safety from legal repercussions in unfriendly states, you must stick with a product made from THC-free distillate or CBD isolate,” she said.

Hemp seed oil comes from a process of cold-pressing the seeds only. Importantly, hemp seeds do not have any CBD. Instead, hemp seed oils are rich in protein, fiber, vitamins, minerals, and a mix of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. Consumers generally like hemp seed oil for its nutritional value. It is most commonly used in cooking or sold as a dietary supplement, and can also be found in grooming and beauty products. Hemp seed oil is often shelved next to flaxseed and fish oils in health food stores. Whole hemp seeds are also be consumed in cereals and smoothies.

Is CBD oil or hemp oil better for pain?

When figuring out what CBD product to buy, don’t get confused by the terminology used to market hemp oil vs CBD oil vs hemp seed oil. If you want cannabidiol, shop specifically for CBD oil, not hemp seed oil. Don’t let the ambiguity of the popular term hemp oil fool you.

Whether it’s derived from hemp or marijuana, CBD oil is available in full-spectrum (whole plant), broad spectrum (retains most but not all cannabinoids and terpenes), CBD-only distillate, and CBD isolate varieties, according to Katie Stem, CEO of Peak Extracts, a cannabis extraction company in Oregon.

In contrast, CBD oil is extracted from the leaves and flowers of hemp plants, which contain a large variety of cannabinoids and terpenes, including CBD. Oil extracted from the leaves and flowers of such plants is therefore rich in CBD.

“From a quality perspective, I personally prefer non-refined extracts,” Stem said. “This whole plant extract contains minor phytocannabinoids — like CBG, CBC, etc. — and a range of terpenes, many of which have established effects in their own right, and contribute to what is called the entourage effect.”

Scientific observation takes time, and the research community has only just begun to pursue scientific inquiry into the discrete effects of various cannabinoids. That said, many researchers believe the potential carried by CBD is promising.

A 2017 clinical trial published in The New England Journal of Medicine found that CBD was highly effective in reducing seizures in people with Dravet syndrome, a rare form of epilepsy. The FDA subsequently approved an oral CBD solution, called Epidiolex, for treating the rare disease.

Every variety of the cannabis family produces cannabinoids, including hemp. While CBD and THC are the most well-known cannabinoids, there are many different types, and only recently have significant resources been poured into their study. Our brains have specific receptors designed to accept cannabinoids, known as CB1 and CB2. These receptors are responsible for the assimilation of cannabinoid molecules into your system, resulting in the psychoactive and immune responses correlated with cannabis consumption.

Research on CBD

Within the CMCR, there is also “much interest in the possible anti-inflammatory effects of CBD, for use in arthritis of various types, including knees and hands,” Atkinson said. Recent in vitro research with human cell lines afflicted with rheumatoid arthritis has suggested that CBD treatment may help reduce inflammation.

“There is a great deal of interest in the possible therapeutic effects of CBD, but there is very little evidence of efficacy,” said Dr. J Hampton Atkinson, co-director of the Center for Medical Cannabis Research (CMCR) at the University of California, San Diego. CBD may have health benefits, but the lack of research in this area means there just aren’t enough data points to support most of the anecdotal claims. Along that same line, the lack of research also means the potential health risks of consuming CBD are unclear.

In the last few years, there have been many advances in cannabis processing and consumption methods. Concentrated products such as oil and rosin (a sap-like product extracted via heat and pressure) have allowed for cleaner ingestion methods, such as vaporization, to become more widespread. These new technologies have brought more consistent, identifiable dosages to patients and enthusiasts alike, while potentially enabling safer methods of consumption. Finally, more accurate and detailed studies of cannabis effects and usage are underway, as prohibition continues to be challenged.

Some research suggests that CBD may reduce anxiety and self-deprecating thoughts, and there’s evidence that CBD has antipsychotic effects in people with schizophrenia. But other studies show no significant benefit of CBD over a placebo.

Aviello G, Romano B, Borrelli F, et al. Chemopreventive effect of the non-psychotropic phytocannabinoid cannabidiol on experimental colon cancer. J Mol Med (Berl) 2012;90(8):925-34. View abstract.

Yamaori S, Maeda C, Yamamoto I, Watanabe K. Differential inhibition of human cytochrome P450 2A6 and 2B6 by major phytocannabinoids. Forensic Toxicol 2011;29:117-24.

How does it work ?

Schoedel KA, Szeto I, Setnik B, et al. Abuse potential assessment of cannabidiol (CBD) in recreational polydrug users: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Epilepsy Behav. 2018 Nov;88:162-171. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2018.07.027. Epub 2018 Oct 2. View abstract.

Serpell MG, Notcutt W, Collin C. Sativex long-term use: an open-label trial in patients with spasticity due to multiple sclerosis. J Neurol 2013;260(1):285-95. View abstract.

Torres S, Lorente M, Rodriguez-Fornes F, et al. A combined preclinical therapy of cannabinoids and temozolomide against glioma. Mol Cancer Ther 2011;10(1):90-103. View abstract.