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Full spectrum CBD products for sale, including tinctures, topical creams, edible gummies and pet products. Smith Collection/Gado/Getty Images

Hemp, marijuana and CBD are all related, but they differ in significant ways. Here’s what you need to know about their legality, effects and potential health benefits.

“Broad spectrum” CBD typically contains at least three other cannabinoids, as well as some terpenes and flavonoids – but still no THC. “Full spectrum” CBD, also called “whole flower” CBD, is similar to broad spectrum but can contain up to 0.3% THC.

Hemp, marijuana and cannabanoidals

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Our recent study found that Americans perceive hemp and CBD to be more like over-the-counter medication and THC to be more like a prescription drug. Still, the average person in the U.S. does not view hemp, CBD, THC or even marijuana in the same light as illicit substances like meth and cocaine – even though both are classified by the DEA as having a lower potential for abuse than marijuana.

CBD comes in food, tinctures and oils, just to name a few. Here are some commonly used terms used to describe CBD products in the store.

Both hemp and marijuana belong to the same species, Cannabis sativa, and the two plants look somewhat similar. However, substantial variation can exist within a species. After all, great Danes and chihuahuas are both dogs, but they have obvious differences.

However, lower risk does not mean that CBD use has no side effects; it only means that they are less severe and less hazardous. Potential side effects of Hemp oil use include dry mouth, drowsiness, dizziness, low blood pressure, and gastrointestinal discomfort . These side effects do not affect all users and may affect each person more or less severely.

Many people turn to hemp oil and related CBD products as an alternative to conventional medical therapies. They do so because they prefer natural supplements with few side effects and no risk of dependency.

Blood tests are the least common drug testing method as they are considered to be invasive and carry a relatively short testing period. Saliva and urine testing are far more common and deliver reliable results with a low rate of false positives. Hair testing is growing in popularity as it’s far more accurate and can test for drug use long after the THC has left the body.

Hemp Oil and Drug Testing

Although CBD can be extracted from the marijuana plant, the lower concentration of CBD, and a higher concentration of THC makes this a difficult and unproductive process. Oils or tinctures that are extracted from the marijuana plant may also contain a higher concentration of THC than the legally mandated 0.3%.

Now, the hemp plant is part of the Cannabis family, specifically cultivated for its low THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) concentration, as well as other commercial applications. Hemp oil has high CBD concentrations, and CBD is the compound linked to multiple potential health benefits. Also, CBD is known for its low THC concentration and, since THC is responsible for the cannabis plant’s psychoactive effects, you can use hemp oil without getting high.

In some states, however, the use of marijuana is now legal, both for medical and in some cases, recreational uses. In states where only medical use is permitted, you must produce a medical certificate from a recognized medical practitioner in order to be registered to legally purchase and use medical marijuana. The production, sale, and distribution of these products are also regulated and medical marijuana is only available through accredited sources.

Currently, a cannabis plant with a THC concentration below 0.3% is classified as Hemp while plants with concentrations greater than 0.3% are classified as marijuana plants . Why the 0.3% threshold? This low concentration is scientifically proven not to produce the negative or psychoactive effects of the THC compound.

Cannabis is the umbrella term describing hemp and marijuana plants—two different varieties of the cannabis genus. Both marijuana and hemp can be described as cannabis plants; however, it is important to note that they are still two separate plants.

There are several common reasons a person fails a CBD drug test.

Study of CBD Oil

If you take CBD oil, there are measures you can take to try to prevent failing a drug test.

The conclusion is that it’s still theoretically possible for traces of THC metabolites to be present in the stomach acid in the instance where “less-purified CBD productions” are ingested.

Most CBD products are made from hemp, not marijuana.