Learn the differences between CBD Full Spectrum Distillate & CBD Crude Oil! We are here to help you learn about CBD as well as supply you with any CBD extract you need! Do you want to know more about the ever-expanding world of CBD? Read on ahead for our introduction of hemp crude oil and how you can use it.
CBD Distillate Vs Crude Oil
Many people have claimed a multitude of benefits associated with CBD in recent years. This has led to an explosion in popularity and has catapulted it to rockstar status. People using CBD Products have claimed it helped them with everything from pain to anxiety and everything in between everyone is jumping on the bandwagon and giving it a try these days. Hemp is here to stay and definitely making a big splash in the health food industry!
Cannabidiol, better known as CBD is derived from the hemp plant. Hemp is part of the cannabis sativa family and cousins with the far better-known marijuana plant. Whereas marijuana has high levels of THC, a psychoactive cannabinoid and very low levels of CBD, hemp has the opposite with high levels of CBD and low levels of THC. Before CBD can be helpful or even taken it must first be extracted from the plant material which is done in a variety of ways. The three main methods are solvent extraction, steam distillation, and CO2 supercritical extraction. No matter the method the first product to come from extraction is a crude CBD oil.
What is Crude CBD Oil?
Crude CBD oil is also known as Rick Simpson oil after a Canadian man who believed in the healing powers of cannabis and used it on himself to treat cancer along with other ailments. Crude CBD oil is generally a very dark brown to black in color and contains the full makeup of the plant. This includes CBD, CBC, CBN, CBG, and over 80 different phytocannabinoids present in the hemp plant. Along with the cannabinoids it also holds many other phytochemical compounds and natural minerals such as amino acids, iron, zinc, calcium, magnesium, potassium, carbohydrates, vitamins B1, B2, B6, D, omega 3 & 6 fatty acids, beta-carotene, chlorophyll, ketones, flavonoids, pigments, nitrogenous compounds, alkanes, glycosides, water, and terpenes. Crude CBD oil is as close as you can possibly get to the real plant’s chemical makeup as it grows in the ground. Every compound and component of hemp is in the crude.
How to Use CBD Crude Oil
Some people will say that taking Crude CBD oil is better than other methods since it is so close to the original chemical makeup of the hemp plant. This is because of a phenomenon known as the entourage effect where it is believed that all the components of the hemp plant work in conjunction with one another and essentially make each other more effective. Crude CBD oil can be used as-is and some people take it sublingually, under the tongue for a few minutes, or they mix it with food or drink and consume it. Another application of crude CBD oil is to mix it with hair or skincare products and make an at-home CBD rich product. Since the hemp is activated in a process known as decarboxylation which allows your body to use the cannabinoids rather than just pass through it can be used in an abundance of ways that are only limited with the imagination and know-how. Crude CBD oil can also be refined into a more potent mixture through a process called distillation, which produces what is known as full-spectrum CBD distillate.
What Is CBD Full-Spectrum Distillate
After taking a crude CBD oil and putting it through the process of distillation we are left with a full-spectrum CBD distillate. This means that the distillate has the full range of cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes as the original plant. The biggest difference between distillate and the crude CBD oil is that the distillate will generally have a CBD content of around 80%. This means that the distillate is more potent and less of it will be needed to reach the intended dosage of CBD. But it also means that the original profile of the plant is maintained and your body is getting all of the other supposed beneficial compounds found in the hemp plant. Full-spectrum CBD distillate will generally be a gold color and, other than crude CBD oil, it is the closest thing to the original plant’s chemical makeup. Full-spectrum CBD distillate can be further refined into other products such as broad-spectrum CBD distillate which has all the other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids without the THC and CBD isolate which is generally 95% or more CBD and no other compounds found in the hemp plant remain.
How to Use CBD Distillates and Isolate
Just like crude CBD oil, distillates and isolate can be used in much the same ways. They can be taken by themselves or added to food or drink. They can also be added to skin or haircare products to make a quick homemade CBD topical. Isolate is especially useful if trying to add a specific amount of CBD to homemade products. CBD distillates and isolate also find their way into a myriad of finished CBD products that are sold directly to the consumer whereas crude CBD oil is not always offered to the public. Distillates made from CBD are also now being altered to create new variants in the form of Delta 8, HHC, THCp and THC0. You can find thcp for sale in many product variations but the base of all those products will be the distillate that is created using a hemp-derived concentrate.
What Is Hemp Crude Oil and What Is It Used For?
When it comes to creating products intended for consumption or topical use, most companies will use filtration during the process. After all, they want to make sure that they only expose customers to beneficial compounds and ingredients. But in some cases, doing without filtration can offer unique benefits.
Extracting CBD from hemp is one such instance. You can find out how by answering the question “What is hemp crude oil and what is it used for?”
What Is Hemp Crude Oil?
When people extract CBD from hemp, they usually don’t set it aside for immediate consumption. It usually goes through a filtration process which removes the plant matter from the oil. Hemp crude oil is oil that has been extracted from hemp but hasn’t gone through this additional refinement process.
Ingredients in Hemp Crude Oil
As mentioned, hemp crude oil still contains all the plant matter that is normally filtered out. This includes plant lipids and chlorophyll, which gives the oil a grassy taste when consumed. Along with the plant matter, crude oil contains the full range of cannabinoids from the hemp strain you are extracting, as well as a host of minerals, such as:
Benefits of Hemp Crude Oil
Highest Number of Cannabinoids
When you don’t put an extract through additional filtration, the extract retains all the cannabinoids available in that hemp strain. This typically gives you the highest amount of benefits resulting from the cannabinoids working together.
We refer to the latter idea as the entourage effect. When multiple cannabinoids are present together, they work synergistically, and their effects are enhanced. Since hemp crude oil has the most cannabinoids, it can offer the entourage effect.
Simpler Extraction Process
Filtration is a large step in extraction, and it takes time, energy, and equipment. While this process may change depending on the desired end product, it usually includes processes such as winterization. Because hemp crude oil doesn’t require the same degree of filtration, this expedites the entire process.
Drawbacks of Hemp Crude Oil
The presence of plant matter in CBD doesn’t render it ineffective or poisonous. However, it will certainly alter the taste. Typically, CBD with chlorophyll and similar substances tastes grassy, which many users find unpleasant. This often makes it less ideal for oral or sublingual consumption, though you can still take it by mouth.
Differences Between Hemp Crude Oil and Full-Spectrum Distillate
At first glance, many users confuse hemp crude oil with full-spectrum tinctures available on the market. While both products provide a wide range of cannabinoids, you can mark some key differences. The most significant is filtration. Typical full-spectrum tinctures are distillates that have gone through filtration to remove all plant matter, while crude hasn’t. This gives the products a few distinctions, such as:
Texture and Color
Most users will compare full-spectrum distillate to honey. It has a warm, semi-translucent brown color and a similar sticky, free-flowing consistency. When extracted using ethanol extraction methods, crude oil is much darker brown—almost black. It also has a thick, tar-like consistency.
As mentioned, hemp crude oil tends to have a rougher, grassier taste because of the presence of plant matter in the product. Since distillate has filtered out the plant matter, it tends to have a milder taste than its crude oil counterpart. This makes it more appealing for oral consumption or use in flavored CBD tinctures.
How Is Hemp Crude Oil Used?
Even though hemp crude oil has such a distinct taste, you can take it orally the same way you would take a distillate tincture. Most users who consume it this way choose to mask the flavor by using the oil in food or drink. Baked goods, dressings, sauces, and dips tend to make good choices for this method, since sauteing cannabinoids at high temperatures tends to degrade them.
The other option is to avoid taste altogether and use hemp crude oil as part of a topical product. This helps avoid the potentially degrading effects of cooking to help your body receive the full impact of the product. Additionally, the plant matter, fats, and many of the minerals contained in the crude oil offer a number of benefits for the skin, such as helping in skin cell regeneration.
Of course, in most instances, people extract hemp crude oil for the purpose of filtering it to turn it into other CBD related products, such as:
- Full-spectrum tinctures
- Broad-spectrum tinctures
- Vape cartridges
- Edibles and gummies
You must put oil through a winterization process to filter it. This involves combining the crude oil with ethanol and agitating it. From here, you put it into a deep freeze, anywhere from -112 degrees to -4 degrees Fahrenheit. The extract remains in the freezer for 24 hours. After that, you put it through a filter, which removes the waxes from the oils and ethanol.
Afterward, the hemp goes through other filters to remove other plant matter, like chlorophyll. Our hemp oil processing equipment includes a four-stage filtration skid that includes a bag, cellulose, active carbon, and cartridge filters. Depending on your purposes for the extract, you can elect to use one or all of these filters to achieve the desired result.
Along with this, you must filter the ethanol you used for the extraction and filtration out of the extract. This involves a process known as short-path distillation. During this, operators place extract in a vacuum chamber where the solution gets separated from the ethanol. You can recycle it for reuse.
Every CBD manufacturer is different. But whether your business specializes in edibles or vape cartridges, chances are, you will run into hemp crude oil. So, having an understanding of what hemp crude oil is and what it does is useful for exploring your current processes and looking into future product options. And whatever products you envision, Cedarstone Industry is here to help bring them to life. Reach out to us today to learn more.