Coffees and cakes may contain between 5–10mg of CBD. But clinical trials administer doses of around 100–1,500mg per day, with medical supervison.
“Businesses have picked up on growing public awareness and have been promoting their products online, in high-street retailers and increasingly in food and drink,” says Professor in Substance Use, Harry Sumnall, Liverpool John Moores University. We spoke to chefs at two restaurants who use CBD on their menus in completely different ways.
"There is a greater public awareness of the potential therapeutic uses of medical cannabis and cannabinoids such as CBD, particularly in light of the UK government decision to permit some cannabis prescriptions in response to high-profile campaigns by the families of children affected by severe epilepsy," says Professor Sumnall.
"But there is no good scientific evidence that these consumer products have any real benefits.
"CBD is actually hard to cook with. It has a disgusting taste", says Greg Hanger, head chef at Kalifornia Kitchen in London, who has created an entire CBD afternoon tea . Greg pays attention to the type of oil that the CBD is mixed with, saying "coconut oil CBD is great in Thai cooking balanced with coriander, ginger and lime. Olive oil CBD is great for Middle Eastern foods like hummus or you could even mask the flavour with rosemary and put it in cheesy sauce or mashed potatoes ."
So why are we increasingly seeing CBD-labelled coffees, cakes and croissants in shops, cafes and restaurants all over the UK?
CBD is normally sold in combination with a base oil, such as olive or coconut, as a supplement, vape, gel to be applied to the skin and more recently, in food and drink.
"Many of the CBD products available on the high street contain so little CBD that you would need to consume vast quantities to even approach some of the doses that are administered in clinical trials of medicines", concludes Sumnall.
When isolated, CBD has no intoxicating properties. Moreover, CBD products derived from the hemp plant also won’t get you high. Hemp naturally contains less than 0.3% THC, while the marijuana plant contains over that amount and can be intoxicating when taken in large doses. Since the percentage of THC in hemp-based CBD products is so low, there isn’t enough of the compound to create any psychoactive effects.
CBD has garnered a lot of attention lately because of federal laws that have made it legal to buy and sell CBD products within the United States, providing that the THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, content is less than 0.3%. Along with CBD, THC is the second main compound found in hemp and marijuana. This compound, unlike CBD, can cause feelings of euphoria through a psychoactive high when consumed in large quantities.
A Brief Introduction to the 2018 Farm Bill
The CBD that’s extracted from hemp plants does not cause the same euphoric high as CBD that has been extracted from marijuana plants. Legally, all CBD products that are sold and purchased within the United States must contain less than 0.3% THC and must be hemp-derived. Unlike the marijuana plant that has high levels of THC, the hemp plant naturally has less than 0.3% THC in it.
Under federal law, all CBD products that are bought and sold in the United States must contain less than 0.3% THC. Lastly, in states that have legalized recreational marijuana, it may be an option to purchase products crafted from CBD that’s been extracted from marijuana. Be advised that ratios of CBD to THC can differ from one product to the next in these types of particular CBD products.
Also, when you take CBD oil, an entourage effect happens within the body . When this takes place, the over 80 cannabinoids and over 100 terpenes work together in a synergistic way to both neutralize and decrease the negative properties of some compounds and intensify the positive effects of others. When separated, these cannabis components are not as strong as when they are paired together. A great example of this in action is with the prescription medication Sativex. The drug is not currently approved for use in the United States but is available in the UK. Sativex contains extremely high levels of THC and can cause toxic psychosis in some individuals. While there are 48 milligrams of THC in the medication, there is also an equal amount of CBD.