Why are we hearing so much about CBD oil now? Dr. Klein points to the legalization of marijuana in many places, which has triggered interest in potential health benefits of marijuana-related products. “We are likely to see continued interest in CBD and an increase in research about its uses and efficacy in the coming years,” he says.
The AKC Canine Health Foundation (CHF) is sponsoring a study through the Colorado State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences to evaluate the use of CBD in treatment-resistant epileptic dogs. The CHF hopes that this will be the first study to gain scientific data on the use of CBD in dogs with this condition.
According to Dr. Klein, CBD is also used because of its anti-inflammatory properties, cardiac benefits, anti-nausea effects, appetite stimulation, anti-anxiety impact, and for possible anti-cancer benefits, although there’s no conclusive data on this use.
CBD Products on the Market
The AKC’s Chief Veterinary Officer, Dr. Jerry Klein, explains what CBD oil is, what it does for dogs, and its safety concerns and potential side effects.
CBD, or cannabidiol, is a compound found in cannabis and hemp. Dr. Klein says it is essential to note that in most cases, CBD oil does not contain delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the compound that gives marijuana its psychoactive properties. In fact, most CBD products are derived from hemp and not from marijuana.
The safety and risks of using CBD for dogs have not yet been researched. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has not approved CBD and has not issued a dosing chart. Therefore, we do not know what size dosage would be toxic. Any medication or supplement carries the risk of a reaction. It is always advisable, when giving your dog something new, to start out with small amounts and then closely monitor the effects. And always check with your veterinarian first.
While there’s no scientific data on the side effects of CBD usage for dogs, there are potential side effects based on how CBD affects humans. To minimize any potential side effects, make sure you are following the proper dosage.
If you cook your dog’s food, be aware that hemp seed oil (or hemp oil) can become rancid if added to the food while cooking. This could cause your dog to experience an upset stomach or possible vomiting or diarrhea . It’s always better to add the hemp seed oil after cooking just to be safe.
But inflammation can quickly get out of hand — that’s where essential fatty acids come in. Omega-6 may encourage inflammation, while omega-3 does the opposite. It’s this balance that is essential for a proper and healthy inflammatory response, and hemp seed oil may help regulate this. You can help support your dog’s inflammatory response pathways , support joint discomfort, and help keep your dog active by giving them PetHonesty’s Hemp Mobility Chews .
Hemp seeds also contain a crucial omega-6 fatty acid called gamma-linolenic acid, or GLA. GLA is also vital for various functions in your dog’s body. Evidence from the American Association for Cancer Research indicates that proper GLA levels in the diet may help prevent serious and common health problems.
Potential Risks of Hemp Seed Oil for Dogs
But what exactly is hemp seed oil, and how is it different from other oils that are extracted from the hemp plant? Read on to find out more about hemp seed oil and what it can do for your dog.
Some pet owners are turned off by the word “hemp,” mistakenly assuming that it has psychoactive effects and wouldn’t be safe for their pet. But this couldn’t be further from the truth. Hemp seed oil is perfectly safe and can improve your dog’s health and wellness in many ways.
GLA tends to increase energy levels in dogs, so they’re more likely to stay active and avoid obesity. Plus, GLA helps metabolism to stay in high-gear and burn more fat. If your pet has put on a little extra weight, ask your vet whether a hemp product designed for dogs might be a good solution.
Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are also beneficial for your dog’s skin. Hemp seed oil is an increasingly common ingredient in cosmetics and soaps made for humans. Dog owners might give their pet hemp seed oil to improve their coat quality, or it might be recommended by a veterinarian to help with common skin problems like.
Because CBD shares metabolic pathways with anti-inflammatory drugs, it makes sense that it would help with certain inflammatory conditions (anything that ends with -itis is an inflammatory condition).
In theory, the anti-inflammatory benefit seen in arthritic dogs could also be seen in dogs with other types of inflammatory pain, especially back pain from intervertebral disc disease (IVDD).
“The most significant [issue] is THC toxicity, meaning, essentially, they are high,” says Dr. Gary Richter, owner and medical director of Montclair Veterinary Hospital in Oakland, California. “Depending on how significantly a pet has been overdosed, the effects of that can be quite long-lasting, even days.”
We are not yet sure whether the elevation of this liver value has any medical significance. It could signify that CBD causes irritation or damage to the liver. Alternatively, it could be an artificial finding in which the drug interferes with the way the lab measures the liver value.
Preliminary studies in people have shown that combo products containing both CBD and THC are more beneficial for pain relief than when either drug is given alone. But no such research has been done on dogs, so THC should not be given to them.