According to 2018 cannabis industry data, the medical segment made up $7.2 billion of cannabis revenue share, the largest share and growing.1 This growth is attributed to the increasing acceptance of cannabis as a treatment for chronic diseases such as pain, cancer, and mental disorders. Yet traditional methods of cannabis consumption are not among the top trends in medical applications. In April 2019, Forbes reported that cannabis-infused sublingual products were the fastest-growing cannabis product category in 2018, a trend also credited to the medical segment.2 The advantages of using sublingual products include avoiding smoke and other byproducts of combustion, known cannabinoid concentrations, accurate dose administration, the ability to titrate and track doses, and discretion.3
By definition, a tincture is an herbal solution made with alcohol as the primary extraction solvent. In commercial cannabis products, the term tincture is often used to describe any concentrated liquid preparations that are meant to be applied topically or sublingually. Sublingual products prepared in alcohol can be absorbed through the mucosal membranes of the mouth quickly, providing symptom relief in as little as 15 minutes, while oil preparations may take up to 30 minutes for full onset of symptom relief.
1. U.S. cannabis market size, share & trends analysis report by cannabis type (medical, recreational), by product type (buds, oils, tincture), by medical application, (chronic pain, mental disorder, cancer), and segment forecasts, 2019–2025. Grand View Research website. https://www.grandviewresearch.com/industry-analysis/us-cannabis-market. Published July 2019. Accessed January 21, 2020.
Types of Sublingual Products
Sublingual Administration of Cannabis
Sublingual cannabis comes in a few different forms—from tinctures and sprays to strips and tablets—that dissolve under the tongue. However, these are not the same as edibles. Rather than being absorbed through the digestive system, sublingual products are absorbed through the mucosal membranes under the tongue, on the inside of the cheeks, and on the gums. Because of the dense concentration of capillaries under the tongue and around the mouth, products held in the mouth are delivered directly to the bloodstream, which makes cannabis administration quick and easy.2
Oral ingestion of cannabinoids consistently delivers inconsistent results. Professionally prepared cannabinoid infused edibles should take effect or provide relief 1-2 hours after consumption. The slow release effects can last for 6-8 hours. A very trippy high is to be expected if you overdo it on the high-THC cookies.
RQS CBD Oil is available in 10ml, 30 and 50ml bottles in 3 different concentration strenghts: 2.5%, 5% and 10%.
WHAT IS SUBLINGUAL?
Smoking and vaping are the most popular methods of cannabis consumption for recreational users. Inhaling cannabinoids directly through the lungs is efficient and increases bioavailability to 50% or above. The effects are felt rapidly, usually within tokes. The THC high can also last for an hour or more if your stash is potent bud.
Moreover, as the CBD oil is sourced from hemp and non-psychoactive, CBD oil is legal in most European countries. Supplementing Cannabidiol with a few drops of CBD oil under the tongue is already a top wellness trend of 2018. Convenient dropper bottles and CBD oil softgel capsules are discreet ECS (endocannabinoid system) supplementation solutions.
Edibles tend to have the greatest variance in effects on the largest amount of cannabis users. Sometimes the high can be all waiting. A negligible high eventually hits you and moves on before too long. Other times it can creep up on you. A couple of hours after you scoffed a fistful of brownies and wham! You’re completely couchlocked.
Conversely, the sublingual dosage form induces an effect in a subject within about 30 to 120 seconds of the sublingual dosage. Therefore, ingestion is an inefficient form of administration due to the lag in time of the effects.
Sublingual delivery is superior to ingestion of cannabis. While ingesting cannabis can provide long lasting therapeutic effects, this method presents numerous drawbacks as well.
This discovery is significant, as sublingual use of decarboxylated cannabis provides accurate delivery of THC and other useful cannabinoids, such as CBD, without the drawbacks of smoking or cooking cannabis.
Sublingual Marijuana Use is Better than Ingestion
Direct sublingual application allows the cannabinoids to quickly enter the bloodstream through the vessel-rich tissues within the sublingual cavity which can be achieved by placing decarboxylated cannabis under the tongue.
Sublingual cannabis delivery provides rapid effects similar to smoking without exposing the lungs to heat, tar, or other unwanted collateral effects. Including the unpleasant smell of smoke, dry mouth, and throat irritation caused by smoking. Not to mention the side effects on an individual’s lungs after years of smoking cannabis.
Effects from Sublingual Dosing is Fast
THCA in its natural state, is the biosynthesized precursor to activate THC in marijuana. The carboxyl group tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) in cannabis must be removed by heat. Once the cannabis is “decarboxylated” you have activated the THC.