Transparency and traceability
Following baseline regulatory compliance, for the formulation and subsequent claims made about natural and organic cosmetics, transparency and traceability are key to ensure that any substance extracted or derived from hemp used in a product ensures certain verifiable qualities. When using raw materials from Cannabis in cosmetics, brands should choose reliable supply chains that give proof of the traceability of these plant extracts from crop-to-shop. This is a key aspect for regulatory compliance but also for end consumers because it reassures them about the origin and qualities of these substances when used in a cosmetic product.
How about detectable THC levels in cosmetics?
Under Regulation (EU) No. 1308/2013, Cannabis sativa L. is considered as an agricultural product and as an “industrial plant” that may be grown legally as long as their THC content does not exceed 0.2%. However, for cosmetics, national legislations from EU Member States on controlled substances may apply. For instance, in France no THC is allowed, while in Luxembourg a THC concentration up to 0.3% is permitted.
In this context, Regulation (EC) No. 1223/2009 for cosmetics bans the use of CBD derived from resin, tinctures and extracts of Cannabis, as well as cannabinoids, resin and various extracts (e.g. Cannabis Sativa flower extract, Cannabis Sativa flower/leaf/stem extract) from cosmetic use (Annex II). Synthetically produced CBD is acceptable for end use.
To this date, cosmetic regulatory compliance of CBD as an ingredient itself relies on the part of the plant from which it is extracted. For instance, seeds when not accompanied by tops are acceptable, although these do not contain CBD, whereas CBD prepared from Cannabis extracts or tinctures from flower/fruiting tops where the resin has not been separated, as well as the separated resin, are not allowed for use. Indeed, the UN 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs defines controlled cannabis as “the flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant”, but does not consider Cannabis sativa seeds or leaves as controlled substances (as long as they are not accompanied by the tops).
Can cannabidiol (CBD) be used in cosmetics?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a type of cannabinoid that can be synthetically produced or isolated from Cannabis plants and used as a single ingredient. In cosmetics, CBD can function as an antioxidant and facilitate anti-aging properties.
What is the difference between hemp, CBD and marijuana?
The Cannabis plant contains over 80 biologically active chemical compounds (cannabinoids). However, the most known ones are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Different taxonomic classifications of the genus Cannabis vary in their THC and CBD content. For example, Cannabis indica originally from India contains a high THC content associated with marijuana hashish production, whereas Cannabis sativa L. from Europe and western Eurasia has a high CBD content, traditionally associated with the textile industry, and more recently to applications within the cosmetic, food and pharmaceutical sectors. Unlike THC, CBD has no psychoactive effects.
Marijuana and CBD are not the same even if they both come from the same plant. CBD is a single, isolated compound in the cannabis plant, while marijuana contains many naturally occurring compounds, including THC and CBD. Hemp seed oil, extracted from the seeds of Cannabis sativa L., Cannabaceae, has next to no THC or CBD.
High concentrations of 80% polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) within Cannabis sativa (hemp) seed oil h elps to calm inflammation. It’s ability neutralize the skin’s inflammatory responses restoring the body’s natural ability to resist and repair damage.
Cannabis sativa (hemp) seeds contain powerful levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-6, omega-3, omega-9, and even alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), and stearidonic acid (SDA) which are rarely found in natural oils. Hemp seed oil also has a rare, perfect 3:1 ratio of omega-6 (linoleic acid) to omega-3 (alpha-linolenic acid) which are essential fatty acids (EFAs) which allow for instant absorption into the skin, in addition to hydrating and replenishing the skin’s natural barrier.
Topically applied EFAs have been scientifically shown to reduce trans epidermal water loss (TEWL) which can help prevent fine lines, wrinkles and acne. The reduction of TEWL has been found to strengthen the skin’s barrier which can help prevent the accumulation of bacteria on the skin.
where does Cannabis sativa (hemp) seed oil come from?
How exactly does Cannabis sativa (hemp) seed oil benefit skin health?
Cannabis sativa (hemp) seed oil is extracted from the seeds of legal Cannabis sativa (hemp) plants that produce less than 0.3% THC. Cannabis sativa (hemp) seed oil is extracted by cold pressing the seeds to separate the seed’s oil from the seed’s protein. Cold pressing is a safe extraction method that doesn’t involve chemicals and preserves the nutrient content of the seed.
Cannabis sativa (hemp) seed oil is oil that comes from the seed of the low product THC variety of Cannabis sativa which is also more commonly known as hemp. Cannabis sativa seed oil is the International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients (INCI) name for the low-THC producing variety of Cannabis sativa commonly known as hemp.
INCI is a system of names for waxes, oils, pigments, chemicals, and other ingredients used to formulate cosmetic products based on scientific names and Latin species naming.