You keep hearing about it and seems about everyone you know is telling you ways CBD has given them relief. Maybe your co-worker is using it for anxiety and depression or an uncle who started using it for his neck pain. Perhaps your best friend started vaping CBD to relieve withdrawals from quitting smoking cigarettes. Has your grandma started using a pain cream to help calm her arthritis pains and back spasms? I know mine has.
For the purpose of this blog we are referring to the cannabis sativa L plant, better known as “industrial hemp” or just “hemp”. The main difference between this plant and its more well-known Cannabis cousin (marijuana) is the percentage of THC. THC is the cannabinoid that is responsible for the psychotropic effects most associated with Cannabis. The law dictates that a cannabis plant containing less that 0.3% THC is considered “hemp” and therefore federally legal to grow. Anything over that percentage and its classified as Marijuana. Marijuana is bred to have high levels of THC and low levels of CBD while Hemp is bred to have very low THC levels but high CBD levels. This is what makes it the best source for extraction of your CBD supplements.
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A Full Spectrum CBD product is derived from the whole hemp plant matter. That means taking the roots, stems, flowers and leaves and pressing, pulverizing, or power washing them to extract the oils from the plant. This will leave us with a full spectrum of cannabinoids (CBD, CBG, CBN, THC, etc.), terpenes (limonene, myrcene, etc.) and phytochemicals such as chlorophyll and other organic plant matter. The resulting oil will have a strong “hempy” taste and be dark in color. It will also contain 0.3% or less THC.
Another reason why someone might want to choose a broad-spectrum product would be due to having a job or are in a position for drug screens. Many people fall into this category from bus drivers, construction workers, nurses, and government employees. All have to be careful when choosing the right CBD products. When choosing a broad spectrum product for this reason, always make sure you are purchasing from a company that supplies third party lab testing or a COA (certificate of analysis) to verify there is no detectible THC within the product. With our KC Hemp Co. tinctures, you can easily scan the QR code on the bottom of every bottle for instant access to the third party lab tests showing the full cannabinoid profile in that bottle.
Isolates are exactly how they sound, a single isolated compound from the plant. This is typically done through a supercritical CO2 extraction. Through this process the oils, chlorophyll, plant material and all other compounds are removed leaving behind a 99% pure CBD product. The exciting thing about isolates is that you can now find other cannabinoids isolated such as CBG and CBN. As more research is conducted on the hundreds of known cannabinoids, we will be able to specifically target their interactions with the body and all health benefits associated with them. This makes it exciting to be able to customize cannabinoid profiles by combining isolated cannabinoids to form a new product based on your health and wellness needs. Basically, CBD isn’t the only cannabinoid that has the potential to provide major health benefits and the future only looks brighter for the cannabis plant!
What is this CBD people speak of? How does it work on such a wide variety of problems; from mental, to physical and internal to external? Does it have you wondering what’s the best type of CBD for you to take with so many available options? Let’s take a deeper look into the different types of CBD and how to choose the best option for you!
These different types of CBD refer to a plant’s cannabinoid profile.
CBD isolate will not produce the entourage effect, and it may be trickier to find your most effective dosage with isolate.
Isolate, Full spectrum, Broad Spectrum: The Different Types of CBD
Broad spectrum CBD is the middle ground option between isolate and full spectrum CBD. It begins as a full spectrum oil, with the full range of beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes, but it then goes through a refinement process to remove all THC compounds.
Because full spectrum CBD contains the full profile of beneficial compounds in the cannabis plant, it creates what is known as the entourage effect. Researchers of the entourage effect have found the therapeutic effects of cannabis are most powerful when the whole plant is used and all beneficial compounds synergistically work together.
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Floyd Landis, the founder of Leadville, Colo.-based Floyds of Leadville, said the biggest difference between the three product types from a consumer perspective is whether or not they have any amount of t etrahydrocannabinol, a psychoactive ingredient of cannabis known as THC .
“The only difference between any of these is how it’s processed,” he said. “There’s a lot of big words and confusion, but it’s actually not that complicated: There’s a plant and it’s got desirable attributes, so we process it in certain ways to have more or less of one attribute or another.”
Full Spectrum: Whole Plant, Including THC
Benefits: Though broad spectrum is now an option for those consumers who can’t have any THC, isolate is probably the safest bet due to the way it’s produced. “When you just isolate out CBD, you take away any concern about THC,” said Martin. The value and assurance of 0% THC with an isolate product makes it a strong option for retailers looking for consistent, high-quality 0% THC products.” Additionally, there are some types of products where isolate powder is the best—or only—option. For example, water infused with full-spectrum CBD oil probably wouldn’t taste or appear as desirable as water infused with isolated CBD powder. “Isolate strips away terpenes, flavor profiles and more,” said Sparks. “If you’re looking to produce a product that doesn’t have a lot of the cannabis flavoring, isolate is the primary way to do so.”
Legality: Initially there were concerns that because the FDA has approved a CBD isolate drug called Epidiolex, either the agency of the maker of that drug (GW Pharmaceuticals) would treat CBD isolate different than products using whole plant extract. That has not come to fruition. In statements made thus far by the FDA, the focus has been on CBD as a whole—not isolate compared to full spectrum. “Not one of the state regulations have drawn a distinction between the different formats,” added Martin.
Benefits: Broad-spectrum products seem to offer the most benefit for consumers who either don’t want or can’t have THC but still want the other beneficial aspects of the cannabis plant.